rom

logoAmrita Diabetic Welfare Association

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes Mellitus is a condition where the body is unable to automatically regulate blood glucose levels, resulting in too much glucose (sugar) in the blood.

What is the cause of this situation? Diabetes develops when the pancreas stops pro-ducing enough insulin or body is not responding properly to insulin, is produced by beta cells of the pancreas in response to rising levels of glucose in the blood Insulin makes it possible for most body tissues to take glucose from the blood for use as fuel, for conversion to other needed molecules, or for storage. When there is deficient production or action of insulin, sugar in the blood increases alarmingly and the person becomes diabetic.

Symptoms

Diabetes can be present without any of these symptoms. However symptoms of diabetes may not appear until blood glucose levels are above approximately 250mg/dl or higher. So, it is common to have diabetes without knowing about it.

Who are prone to Diabetes?

Diagnosis of Diabetes

Normal blood glucose levels are < 100 mg /dl in fasting stage and < 140mg/dl in post prandial stage. If the fasting blood sugar is between 100-125mg or after meal blood sugar is between 140-200mg, the person is said to be prone for diabetic(Prediabetes). If the blood glucose is more than 126 mg/dl before food and more than 200 mg/dl 2 hours after food, then it is diabetes.

Complications

What is the treatment of diabetes?

Treatment involves various aspects like

How to prevent Diabetes